Terraçade is an innovative, lightweight terracotta rain screen and rear ventilated facade system made from natural clay, which can be used as a complete or partial façade solution for commercial, industrial and residential applications.
Terraçade tile dimensions:
- TN: 588mm x 300mm and 1188mm x 300mm
Available in Smooth, Sandblasted, Watermark and Glazed finishes.
- XP: 590mm x 300mm
Available in two profiles: Linear and Smooth.
- Custom tile sizes and profiles are available for commercial projects
- TN Smooth: 6 colours (Gibson, Sturt, Sandy, Raglan, Simpson and Tanami)
- TN Sandblasted: 3 colours (White, Cream and Charcoal)
- TN Watermark: 2 colours (Larapinta and Impara)
- TN Glazed: 6 colours (White, Black, Grey, Red, Blue and Green)
- XP (Smooth & Linear): 6 colours (Bunbury, Kimberley, Whitehaven, Pilbarra, Tennant and Kalbarri)
15 Years warranty on the system
Lifetime warranty for colour fastness and durability. Click here
Over 50 years for both commercial and residential applications
Includes supply and installation cost – depends on substrate, openings and trims.
No lease but credit account can be set up
- Fired clay: tiles - 28 kg/m2
- Steel/Stainless Steel: suspension rail - 3.2kg/m2
- Aluminium: visible trims ~ 0.255+0.150 (Optional)
- EPDM Rubber: fixing purposes - <0.1kg/m2
- Polypropylene: membrane - <0.1kg/m2
- Fired clay: tiles - 50 kg/m2
- Aluminium: horizontal rail, trims, joints - 3.3kg/m2 + Trims 0.150 (Optional)
- EPDM Rubber: fixing purposes - <0.1kg/m2
For TN and XP technical specifications refer to:
National & International Standards
- AS/NZS 4455 and AS/NZS 4456
Country of Origin
Product manufactured in Australia and China
The Star Building, Hornsby Ku-ring-gai Hospital, Hornsby NSW
Hollywood Hospital, Perth, WA
Woolworths, Spring Farm, NSW
New Town High School, Hobart, TAS
Insignia Apartments, Indooroopilly, QLD
King George Square, Brisbane, QLD
Hotel HQ and Homemaker HQ, Underwood, QLD
LaTrobe University, Bundoora, VIC
Blacktown Library – Sydney, NSW
503-505 Kent St. – Sydney NSW
Central Land Council - Alice Springs, NT
Breeze Apartments – Victor Harbour, SA
University of Adelaide – Urrbrae, SA
Chadstone Place – Chadstone, VIC
RNS Hospital – St. Leonards, NSW
Taranaki Apartments – Wellington, NZ
670 Hunter – Newcastle, NSW
Refer to brochure for more information: http://bbp.style/PUBLIC/products/brochures/terracade/TR-Terracade-Brochure-NAT.pdf
ECOSPECIFIER LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT
INTEGRATED DESIGN AND POLICY ISSUES
Terraçade is a rear ventilated façade system, which creates an air cavity outside the load-bearing wall. The cavity between the exposed wall (façade) and the load-bearing wall allows the air to circulate freely, providing natural ventilation through a chimney effect, which facilitates the removal of heat, humidity and condensation away from the building structure. This minimizes thermal transfer to the building structure, thereby improving comfort levels and providing energy savings. However, the nature of the back-up wall can effect overall thermal efficiency.
Figure: Austral Brick’s technical guide
Terraçade tiles are classified exposure grade so they can be used in all environments including severe marine environments and areas subject to heavy industrial pollution. They are robust and extremely durable and have an extremely long service life. They provide the natural beauty, low maintenance and longevity inherent to terracotta.
Terraçade has been successfully tested to AN/NZS 4284 i.e. testing of building facades for water penetration and structural integrity. Terraçade has also achieved certification in AS1530.1 – Combustibility following testing at the CSIRO laboratories.
Since Terracade is a rear ventilated façade system, it does not rely on using joint sealants to weatherproof the facade of building, thereby representing savings in cost, labour effort and joint sealant materials when typically compared to composite and glazed panel systems.
Terraçade is a healthy, non toxic product
The fired clay materials of this product include Crystalline Silica which creates potential OH&S issues during dry grinding or cutting. Crystalline silica exists in a variety of other common materials such as bricks, concrete, render, grout, tile, glass etc.
NOTE: This issue relates only to the cutting, grinding and other occupational production activities of products containing crystalline silica and is not an issue as installed in buildings.
The IARC classifies crystalline silica inhaled in the form of quartz, from occupational sources, as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). However, the Australian body, ASCC/NOHSC (National Occupational Health and Safety Commission) have not classified crystalline silica as a carcinogen.
Precautions for workers such as reducing exposure to product in dust form by using a wet tile saw to cut tiles and using appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) mitigate potential issues to low risk in accordance with an ecospecifier Risk Assessment. Refer to Material Safety Data Sheet for further information.
Terraçade minimizes thermal transfer to the building structure improving comfort levels and providing energy savings.
Indoor Environment Quality
The product is intended primarily for external application and therefore does not affect the indoor environment quality
Emissions – The mining and processing of clay can produce emissions to land from surface impoundments of liquids, solids, slurries and from storage facilities.
System uses aluminium. The production of alumina from bauxite ores uses a chemical treatment, known as the Bayer Process (see Glossary). The alkaline mist associated with this process may have adverse land and vegetation impacts.
System also uses EPDM, a petrochemical product. The extraction of oil results in the release of toxic drilling by-products. The production of plastics and elastomers also has associated emissions to terrestrial environments.
Physical – Physical terrestrial impacts from the process of extracting minerals (clay) result in the removal and stockpiling of topsoil and sub-soil, and from removing overburden and inter-burden, resulting in modified soil profiles, topography and drainage.
Mineral extraction of bauxite will disrupt landscapes and alter ecosystems. Because bauxite deposits are found near the Earth's surface, mining requires removal of topsoil and overburden before deeper excavation occurs.
Products are recyclable and reusable at the end of life.
Emissions – The oil extraction process and the production of EPDM elastomers have associated emissions to aquatic environments that have localised impacts around production facilities.
Physical – Bauxite residues of red mud are disposed of in dams. The excess alumina-rich water is discharged into marine environments.
Mineral extraction of silica, via sand mining, is common in marine environments such as lakes and coastal areas and will have localised disruptive impacts to ecosystems caused by mining processes.
Greenhouse gas (GHG) – Terracotta has a relatively low embodied carbon of ~ 13-24kgCO2e/m2(based on Terraçade TN and XP) compared to alternative facade materials such as glass (13-35 kgCO2e/m2, based on façade glass with a thickness of 6mm to 15mm).
Aluminium is associated with high GHG emissions. However, the aluminium content is integral to the products performance yet it comprises only a small percentage of the overall product. Polypropylene used in the product is extracted from fossil fuels, although negligible in content contributes to greenhouse gas emissions.
The product being rear ventilated facade system has insulative properties and thus is likely to reduce GHG emissions associated with generation of electricity used for cooling and heating purposes in a building.
Greenhouse intensity – The greenhouse gas intensity for the product is as follows:
- TerraçadeTN:36.2 kgCO2e/m2 (Aluminium Jointing Strip is optional, and is not included in this figure)
- Terraçade XP: 55.0kgCO2e/m2 (Aluminium Jointing Strip is optional, and is not included in this figure)
*Calculation is based on data sourced from Bath University, UK.
TN Tiles are manufactured from clay in China. GHG intensities for shipping product are shown below. Shipping port from country of origin is Xiamen. Destination port is Sydney.
XP Tiles are manufactured from clay in Sydney, Australia and transported via truck.
The weight of TN tile is: 28kg/m2 and XP tile is: 50kg/m2
*excluding joining strips, trims, EPDM rubber and propylene
- Greenhouse intensity for Container Shipping of TN – 3.21kgCO2/m2/km
Table below provides land transportation greenhouse intensity figures to help calculate the greenhouse gas intensity of land transportation from shipping port.
Light commercial vehicle
0.001451kgCO2e / kg.km
0.000195kgCO2e / kg.km
0.000069kgCO2e / kg.km
Transport intensity figures sourced from Australian National Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990, 1995 and 1999 and WWF International, Inland Navigations and Emissions, 2005.
Operational efficiency – Not applicable
Re-use Efficiency – Product is re-usable
Toxics and Pollutants – The process of alumina refinement generates plant emissions, including coal dust, fugitive lime dust, alumina dust and aerosol generated from plant process liquor including fluorine/fluoride emissions that are known toxins.
Ozone Depletion – Not applicable
Urban Heat Island Effects – Not applicable
Noise – Not applicable
Bauxite mining leads to modified soil profiles, topography and drainage which impacts natural vegetation and biodiversity. The oil extraction process results in the release of toxic drilling by-products into local rivers, while broken pipelines and leakage result in persistent oil spillage.
Clay is abundant in nature but is a non renewable resource.
Bauxite is a non-renewable mineral resource with an estimated 200 year supply. Crude oil is also a finite resource and although reserve estimates vary all agree that supply is rapidly dwindling and most predict that the world has less than 100 years supply of easily accessible crude oil.
Aluminium extrusions and plastic and rubber products with recycled content can improve the resource efficiency.
Cardboard box used for tiles packaging are recyclable.
Embodied Fossil Fuel Energy
- Terraçade TN: 424MJ/m2 (Aluminium Jointing Strip is optional, and is not included in this figure)
- Terraçade XP: 857MJ/m2 (Aluminium Jointing Strip is optional, and is not included in this figure)
*Calculation is based on data sourced from Bath University, UK.
Transport intensity – TN Tiles are manufactured in China. GHG intensities for shipping product are shown below. Shipping port from country of origin is Xiamen. Destination port is Melbourne. XP Tiles and other components are manufactured at different places in Australia and transported via truck.
The weight of each TN tile is: 28kg/m2 and XP tile is: 50kg/m2
Energy Intensity for Container Shipping of TN – m 39.38 MJ /m2/km
TN: Approx. 4.5L/m2
XP: Approx. 8.0L/m2
The expected life of the product is estimated to be over 50 years.
The product is 100 % reusable.
As the product is a modular system, it can be easily repaired
Design for Dematerialisation
As a ventilated modular system that does not rely on using joint sealants to weatherproof the façade of buildings this is system represents savings in cost, effort and joint sealant materials in avoiding the cut out and replacement of mastic/sealant typically required by composite and glazed panel systems over the lifetime of a building.
Also the elimination of sealants reduces the appearance of dirt buildup on the exterior of buildings and therefore reduces the amount of external maintenance required on buildings.
Design for Disassembly
Yes. Refer to the technical manual for more details.
Rail: by steel recycler
Rails/Trims: by aluminium recycler
Tiles: by manufacturer
If the system is installed with marine exposure, it is recommended that rails be washed with clean water to clean off deposited salt every 6-12 months.
The tiles are to be cleaned with a sponge and tap water or a neutral pH tile cleaner if required.
Product Takeback Scheme
Terraçade TN, XP and TL Tiles can be returned to any Austral Bricks Display centre. They will be returned to the nearest manufacturing plant for sorting prior to crushing and grinding and re-use in the manufacturing process.
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)
CORPORATE AND SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY
Audits and Environmental Reporting
Audit and assurance programs are an integral aspect of Brickworks (Austral Bricks’ Parent Company) Environment Management Systems, assisting in measuring performance and mitigating risks. A total of 34 independent (external) compliance audits were carried out in 2010 as part of Brickworks annual audit program, supplemented by regular internal audits.
Austral Bricks undertakes 6-monthly internal environmental audits of site documentation and operations, including performance regarding air and water emissions. Accountability and performance are further assessed via annual independent environmental audits. Resource efficiency of plants is also tracked via quarterly targeted KPI’s.
Energy and Greenhouse emissions are measured and monitored and reported monthly. Smart gas and electricity meters have been installed which monitor consumption in real time. Energy efficiency programs have resulted in a reduction of emissions of 30% over last 10 years.
Yes. Brickworks have a national environmental policy, which is regularly reviewed and updated. Click here for Brickworks’ environmental policy (for more information refer to www.brickworks.com.au).
Social Enhancement Programs
Brickworks group sponsor the Children’s Cancer Institute Australia and raised $ $177,407 between 1 July 2012 and 07 March 2016
Technology Transfer Programs
Environmental Management Systems (EMS)
All Brickworks sites have an EMS which is externally audited annually as part of their independent audit process.
ECOSPECIFIER ISSUES OF CONCERN / RED LIGHT
Information last verified on 19th June 2017.
Aluminium facade, glass, standard concrete
Insulation, facade systems, thermal insulation, external walls, walls, ventilation.