Product Detail

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Overview

Terraçade is an innovative, lightweight terracotta rain screen and rear ventilated facade system made from natural clay, which can be used as a complete or partial façade solution for commercial, industrial and residential applications.

 

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS

Options

Terraçade tile dimensions:

  • TN: 588mm x 300mm and 1188mm x 300mm
    Available in Smooth, Sandblasted, Watermark and Glazed finishes.
  • XP: 590mm x 300mm
    Available in two profiles: Linear and Smooth.
  • Custom tile sizes and profiles are available for commercial projects

Colours

Available colours:

  • TN Smooth:  6 colours (Gibson, Sturt, Sandy, Raglan, Simpson and Tanami)
  • TN Sandblasted: 3 colours (White, Cream and Charcoal)
  • TN Watermark: 2 colours (Larapinta and Impara)
  • TN Glazed: 6 colours (White, Black, Grey, Red, Blue and Green)
  • XP (Smooth & Linear): 6 colours (Bunbury, Kimberley, Whitehaven, Pilbarra, Tennant and Kalbarri)

Warranty

15 Years warranty on the system

Lifetime warranty for colour fastness and durability. Click here

Expected Life

Over 50 years for both commercial and residential applications

Indicative Costs

TN$300/m2*XP$350/m2*

Includes supply and installation cost – depends on substrate, openings and trims.

Purchase Options

No lease but credit account can be set up

Constituents

TN:

  • Fired clay: tiles - 28 kg/m2
  • Steel/Stainless Steel: suspension rail - 3.2kg/m2
  • Aluminium: visible trims ~ 0.255+0.150 (Optional)
  • EPDM Rubber: fixing purposes - <0.1kg/m2
  • Polypropylene: membrane - <0.1kg/m2

XP:

  • Fired clay: tiles - 50 kg/m2
  • Aluminium: horizontal rail, trims, joints - 3.3kg/m2 + Trims 0.150 (Optional)
  • EPDM Rubber: fixing purposes - <0.1kg/m2

Polypropylene: <0.1kg/m2

Technical Specifications

For TN and XP technical specifications refer to:

http://bbp.style/PUBLIC/products/brochures/terracade/TR-Terracade-Brochure-NAT.pdf

National & International Standards

  • AS4040.3
  • AS4284
  • AS/NZS 4455 and AS/NZS 4456
  • As1530.1

Country of Origin

Product manufactured in Australia and China

Projects

The Star Building, Hornsby Ku-ring-gai Hospital, Hornsby NSW

Hollywood Hospital, Perth, WA

Woolworths, Spring Farm, NSW

New Town High School, Hobart, TAS

Insignia Apartments, Indooroopilly, QLD

King George Square, Brisbane, QLD

Hotel HQ and Homemaker HQ, Underwood, QLD

LaTrobe University, Bundoora, VIC

Blacktown Library – Sydney, NSW

503-505 Kent St. – Sydney NSW

Central Land Council - Alice Springs, NT

Breeze Apartments – Victor Harbour, SA

University of Adelaide – Urrbrae, SA

Chadstone Place – Chadstone, VIC

RNS Hospital – St. Leonards, NSW

 

Taranaki Apartments – Wellington, NZ

670 Hunter – Newcastle, NSW

Preparation

Refer to brochure for more information: http://bbp.style/PUBLIC/products/brochures/terracade/TR-Terracade-Brochure-NAT.pdf

 

ECOSPECIFIER LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT

INTEGRATED DESIGN AND POLICY ISSUES

Terraçade is a rear ventilated façade system, which creates an air cavity outside the load-bearing wall. The cavity between the exposed wall (façade) and the load-bearing wall allows the air to circulate freely, providing natural ventilation through a chimney effect, which facilitates the removal of heat, humidity and condensation away from the building structure. This minimizes thermal transfer to the building structure, thereby improving comfort levels and providing energy savings. However, the nature of the back-up wall can effect overall thermal efficiency.

Figure: Austral Brick’s technical guide

Terraçade tiles are classified exposure grade so they can be used in all environments including severe marine environments and areas subject to heavy industrial pollution. They are robust and extremely durable and have an extremely long service life. They provide the natural beauty, low maintenance and longevity inherent to terracotta.

Terraçade has been successfully tested to AN/NZS 4284 i.e. testing of building facades for water penetration and structural integrity. Terraçade has also achieved certification in AS1530.1 – Combustibility following testing at the CSIRO laboratories.

Since Terracade is a rear ventilated façade system, it does not rely on using joint sealants to weatherproof the facade of building, thereby representing savings in cost, labour effort and joint sealant materials when typically compared to composite and glazed panel systems.

HUMAN HEALTH

Health

Terraçade is a healthy, non toxic product

The fired clay materials of this product include Crystalline Silica which creates potential OH&S issues during dry grinding or cutting. Crystalline silica exists in a variety of other common materials such as bricks, concrete, render, grout, tile, glass etc.

NOTE: This issue relates only to the cutting, grinding and other occupational production activities of products containing crystalline silica and is not an issue as installed in buildings.

The IARC classifies crystalline silica inhaled in the form of quartz, from occupational sources, as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). However, the Australian body, ASCC/NOHSC (National Occupational Health and Safety Commission) have not classified crystalline silica as a carcinogen.

Precautions for workers such as reducing exposure to product in dust form by using a wet tile saw to cut tiles and using appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) mitigate potential issues to low risk in accordance with an ecospecifier Risk Assessment. Refer to Material Safety Data Sheet for further information.

Comfort

Terraçade minimizes thermal transfer to the building structure improving comfort levels and providing energy savings.

Indoor Environment Quality

The product is intended primarily for external application and therefore does not affect the indoor environment quality

Electromagnetic Radiation

Not Applicable.

Safety

Not Applicable.

Accessibility

Not Applicable.

ECOLOGICAL QUALITY

Terrestrial

Emissions – The mining and processing of clay can produce emissions to land from surface impoundments of liquids, solids, slurries and from storage facilities.

System uses aluminium. The production of alumina from bauxite ores uses a chemical treatment, known as the Bayer Process (see Glossary). The alkaline mist associated with this process may have adverse land and vegetation impacts.

System also uses EPDM, a petrochemical product. The extraction of oil results in the release of toxic drilling by-products. The production of plastics and elastomers also has associated emissions to terrestrial environments.

Physical – Physical terrestrial impacts from the process of extracting minerals (clay) result in the removal and stockpiling of topsoil and sub-soil, and from removing overburden and inter-burden, resulting in modified soil profiles, topography and drainage.

Mineral extraction of bauxite will disrupt landscapes and alter ecosystems. Because bauxite deposits are found near the Earth's surface, mining requires removal of topsoil and overburden before deeper excavation occurs.

Products are recyclable and reusable at the end of life.

Aquatic

Emissions – The oil extraction process and the production of EPDM elastomers have associated emissions to aquatic environments that have localised impacts around production facilities.

Physical – Bauxite residues of red mud are disposed of in dams. The excess alumina-rich water is discharged into marine environments.

Mineral extraction of silica, via sand mining, is common in marine environments such as lakes and coastal areas and will have localised disruptive impacts to ecosystems caused by mining processes.

Atmosphere

Greenhouse gas (GHG) – Terracotta has a relatively low embodied carbon of ~ 13-24kgCO2e/m2(based on Terraçade TN and XP) compared to alternative facade materials such as glass (13-35 kgCO2e/m2, based on façade glass with a thickness of 6mm to 15mm).

Aluminium is associated with high GHG emissions. However, the aluminium content is integral to the products performance yet it comprises only a small percentage of the overall product. Polypropylene used in the product is extracted from fossil fuels, although negligible in content contributes to greenhouse gas emissions.

The product being rear ventilated facade system has insulative properties and thus is likely to reduce GHG emissions associated with generation of electricity used for cooling and heating purposes in a building.

Greenhouse intensity – The greenhouse gas intensity for the product is as follows:

  • TerraçadeTN:36.2 kgCO2e/m2 (Aluminium Jointing Strip is optional, and is not included in this figure)
  • Terraçade XP: 55.0kgCO2e/m2 (Aluminium Jointing Strip is optional, and is not included in this figure)

*Calculation is based on data sourced from Bath University, UK.

Transport intensity

TN Tiles are manufactured from clay in China. GHG intensities for shipping product are shown below. Shipping port from country of origin is Xiamen. Destination port is Sydney.

XP Tiles are manufactured from clay in Sydney, Australia and transported via truck.

The weight of TN tile is: 28kg/m2 and XP tile is: 50kg/m2

*excluding joining strips, trims, EPDM rubber and propylene 

  • Greenhouse intensity for Container Shipping of TN –   3.21kgCO2/m2/km

Table below provides land transportation greenhouse intensity figures to help calculate the greenhouse gas intensity of land transportation from shipping port.

Light commercial vehicle

Rigid Truck

Articulated Truck

0.001451kgCO2e / kg.km

0.000195kgCO2e / kg.km

0.000069kgCO2e / kg.km

Transport intensity figures sourced from Australian National Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990, 1995 and 1999 and WWF International, Inland Navigations and Emissions, 2005.

Operational efficiency – Not applicable

Re-use Efficiency – Product is re-usable

Toxics and Pollutants – The process of alumina refinement generates plant emissions, including coal dust, fugitive lime dust, alumina dust and aerosol generated from plant process liquor including fluorine/fluoride emissions that are known toxins.

Ozone Depletion – Not applicable

Urban Heat Island Effects – Not applicable

Noise – Not applicable

Biodiversity

Bauxite mining leads to modified soil profiles, topography and drainage which impacts natural vegetation and biodiversity.  The oil extraction process results in the release of toxic drilling by-products into local rivers, while broken pipelines and leakage result in persistent oil spillage.

RESOURCE DEPLETION

Resource Efficiency

Clay is abundant in nature but is a non renewable resource.

Bauxite is a non-renewable mineral resource with an estimated 200 year supply.  Crude oil is also a finite resource and although reserve estimates vary all agree that supply is rapidly dwindling and most predict that the world has less than 100 years supply of easily accessible crude oil.

Aluminium extrusions and plastic and rubber products with recycled content can improve the resource efficiency.

Cardboard box used for tiles packaging are recyclable.

Embodied Fossil Fuel Energy

  • Terraçade TN:  424MJ/m2 (Aluminium Jointing Strip is optional, and is not included in this figure)
  • Terraçade XP: 857MJ/m2 (Aluminium Jointing Strip is optional, and is not included in this figure)

  *Calculation is based on data sourced from Bath University, UK.

Transport intensity – TN Tiles are manufactured in China. GHG intensities for shipping product are shown below. Shipping port from country of origin is Xiamen. Destination port is Melbourne.  XP Tiles and other components are manufactured at different places in Australia and transported via truck.

The weight of each TN tile is: 28kg/m2 and XP tile is: 50kg/m2

Energy Intensity for Container Shipping of TN39.38 MJ /m2/km

Embodied Water

TN: Approx. 4.5L/m2

XP: Approx. 8.0L/m2

Durability

The expected life of the product is estimated to be over 50 years.

Reusability

The product is 100 % reusable.

Repairability

As the product is a modular system, it can be easily repaired

Design for Dematerialisation

As a ventilated modular system that does not rely on using joint sealants to weatherproof the façade of buildings this is system represents savings in cost, effort and joint sealant materials in avoiding the cut out and replacement of mastic/sealant typically required by composite and glazed panel systems over the lifetime of a building.

Also the elimination of sealants reduces the appearance of dirt buildup on the exterior of buildings and therefore reduces the amount of external maintenance required on buildings.

Design for Disassembly

Yes. Refer to the technical manual for more details. 

Recyclability

Yes

Rail: by steel recycler

Rails/Trims: by aluminium recycler

Tiles: by manufacturer

Maintenance

If the system is installed with marine exposure, it is recommended that rails be washed with clean water to clean off deposited salt every 6-12 months.

The tiles are to be cleaned with a sponge and tap water or a neutral pH tile cleaner if required.

Product Takeback Scheme

Yes.

Terraçade TN, XP and TL Tiles can be returned to any Austral Bricks Display centre. They will be returned to the nearest manufacturing plant for sorting prior to crushing and grinding and re-use in the manufacturing process.

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

No. 

CORPORATE AND SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY

Audits and Environmental Reporting

Audit and assurance programs are an integral aspect of Brickworks (Austral Bricks’ Parent Company) Environment Management Systems, assisting in measuring performance and mitigating risks. A total of 34 independent (external) compliance audits were carried out in 2010 as part of Brickworks annual audit program, supplemented by regular internal audits.

Austral Bricks undertakes 6-monthly internal environmental audits of site documentation and operations, including performance regarding air and water emissions. Accountability and performance are further assessed via annual independent environmental audits. Resource efficiency of plants is also tracked via quarterly targeted KPI’s.

Energy and Greenhouse emissions are measured and monitored and reported monthly. Smart gas and electricity meters have been installed which monitor consumption in real time. Energy efficiency programs have resulted in a reduction of emissions of 30% over last 10 years.

Convictions

No. 

Environmental Policy

Yes. Brickworks have a national environmental policy, which is regularly reviewed and updated. Click here for Brickworks’ environmental policy (for more information refer to www.brickworks.com.au).

Social Enhancement Programs

Brickworks group sponsor the Children’s Cancer Institute Australia and raised $ $177,407  between 1 July 2012 and  07 March 2016

Technology Transfer Programs

No. 

Environmental Management Systems (EMS)

All Brickworks sites have an EMS which is externally audited annually as part of their independent audit process.

ECOSPECIFIER ISSUES OF CONCERN / RED LIGHT

None

Information last verified on 19th June 2017.

 

ASSESSMENT COMPARISON

Aluminium facade, glass, standard concrete

 

RELATED TOPICS


Insulation, facade systems, thermal insulation, external walls, walls, ventilation.

sustainability criteria satisfied

Workplace OHS, Occupant Health, Human Wellbeing

Low/Reduced offgassing

Reduced or no toxicity through life cycle

Promotes safety and security

Improved indoor environment

Habitat & Biodiversity Conservation

Reduced waste generation

Resource Depletion

Resource efficiency

Durability

Extended Producer Responsibility scheme (EPR)

Eco packaging

Least processed materials

Energy Resources

Reduced embodied energy

Downstream reduction of energy use

Corporate Responsibility

Environmental Management System (EMS)

Environmental policy

Other Vital Signs

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

Expert Assessment

Air Pollution

Reduced or no toxicity through life cycle

Reduced GHG (Greenhouse Gas) emissions